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Materials 2011, 4(11), 2042-2056; doi:10.3390/ma4112042

Nanorod Self-Assembly in High Jc YBa2Cu3O7−x Films with Ru-Based Double Perovskites

Superconductivity Technology Center, 30 Bikini Atoll Rd, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
Condensed Matter and Magnet Science, Materials Physics and Applications Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2011 / Revised: 24 October 2011 / Accepted: 9 November 2011 / Published: 17 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New High Tc Superconductor)
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Many second phase additions to YBa2Cu3O7−x (YBCO) films, in particular those that self-assemble into aligned nanorod and nanoparticle structures, enhance performance in self and applied fields. Of particular interest for additions are Ba-containing perovskites that are compatible with YBCO. In this report, we discuss the addition of Ba2YRuO6 to bulk and thick-film YBCO. Sub-micron, randomly oriented particles of this phase were found to form around grain boundaries and within YBCO grains in bulk sintered pellets. Within the limits of EDS, no Ru substitution into the YBCO was observed. Thick YBCO films were grown by pulsed laser deposition from a target consisting of YBa2Cu3Oy with 5 and 2.5 mole percent additions of Ba2YRuO6 and Y2O3, respectively. Films with enhanced in-field performance contained aligned, self-assembled Ba2YRuO6 nanorods and strained Y2O3 nanoparticle layers. A 0.9 µm thick film was found to have a self-field critical current density (Jc) of 5.1 MA/cm2 with minimum Jc(Q, H=1T) of 0.75 MA/cm2. Conversely, Jc characteristics were similar to YBCO films without additions when these secondary phases formed as large, disordered phases within the film. A 2.3 µm thick film with such a distribution of secondary phases was found to have reduced self-field Jc values of 3.4 MA/cm2 at 75.5 K and Jc(min, Q, 1T) of 0.4 MA/cm2.
Keywords: superconductivity; film; pulsed laser deposition; self-assembly; TEM; STEM superconductivity; film; pulsed laser deposition; self-assembly; TEM; STEM
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Holesinger, T.G.; Feldmann, M.D.; Maiorov, B.; Civale, L.; Kennison, J.A.; Coulter, Y.J.; Dowden, P.D.; Baca, J.F.; Tobash, P.H.; Bauer, E.D.; Marken, K.R. Nanorod Self-Assembly in High Jc YBa2Cu3O7−x Films with Ru-Based Double Perovskites. Materials 2011, 4, 2042-2056.

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