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Materials 2010, 3(2), 1302-1315; doi:10.3390/ma3021302

Layer-by-Layer Method for the Synthesis and Growth of Surface Mounted Metal-Organic Frameworks (SURMOFs)

Institute of Functional Interfaces, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76344 Karlsruhe, Germany
Received: 31 December 2009 / Revised: 3 February 2010 / Accepted: 21 February 2010 / Published: 23 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Materials)
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Abstract

A layer-by-layer method has been developed for the synthesis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and their deposition on functionalized organic surfaces. The approach is based on the sequential immersion of functionalized organic surfaces into solutions of the building blocks of the MOF, i.e., the organic ligand and the inorganic unit. The synthesis and growth of different types of MOFs on substrates with different functionalization, like COOH, OH and pyridine terminated surfaces, were studied and characterized with different surface characterization techniques. A controlled and highly oriented growth of very homogenous films was obtained using this method. The layer-by-layer method offered also the possibility to study the kinetics of film formation in more detail using surface plasmon resonance and quartz crystal microbalance. In addition, this method demonstrates the potential to synthesize new classes of MOFs not accessible by conventional methods. Finally, the controlled growth of MOF thin films is important for many applications like chemical sensors, membranes and related electrodes. View Full-Text
Keywords: layer-by-layer; SURMOFs; SAMs; thin films layer-by-layer; SURMOFs; SAMs; thin films
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Shekhah, O. Layer-by-Layer Method for the Synthesis and Growth of Surface Mounted Metal-Organic Frameworks (SURMOFs). Materials 2010, 3, 1302-1315.

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