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Phosphorus-based Flame Retardancy Mechanisms—Old Hat or a Starting Point for Future Development?
Materials 2010, 3(10), 4746-4760; doi:10.3390/ma3104746
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Aryl Polyphosphonates: Useful Halogen-Free Flame Retardants for Polymers

 and *
Received: 23 August 2010; Accepted: 30 September 2010 / Published: 11 October 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flame Retardants)
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Abstract: Aryl polyphosphonates (ArPPN) have been demonstrated to function in wide applications as flame retardants for different polymer materials, including thermosets, polycarbonate, polyesters and polyamides, particularly due to their satisfactory thermal stability compared to aliphatic flame retardants, and to their desirable flow behavior observed during the processing of polymeric materials. This paper provides a brief overview of the main developments in ArPPN and their derivatives for flame-retarding polymeric materials, primarily based on the authors’ research work and the literature published over the last two decades. The synthetic chemistry of these compounds is discussed along with their thermal stabilities and flame-retardant properties. The possible mechanisms of ArPPN and their derivatives containing hetero elements, which exhibit a synergistic effect with phosphorus, are also discussed.
Keywords: aryl polyphosphonates; flame retardant; thermal stability; mechanism aryl polyphosphonates; flame retardant; thermal stability; mechanism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, L.; Wang, Y.-Z. Aryl Polyphosphonates: Useful Halogen-Free Flame Retardants for Polymers. Materials 2010, 3, 4746-4760.

AMA Style

Chen L, Wang Y-Z. Aryl Polyphosphonates: Useful Halogen-Free Flame Retardants for Polymers. Materials. 2010; 3(10):4746-4760.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Li; Wang, Yu-Zhong. 2010. "Aryl Polyphosphonates: Useful Halogen-Free Flame Retardants for Polymers." Materials 3, no. 10: 4746-4760.


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