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Materials 2010, 3(1), 76-96; doi:10.3390/ma3010076
Review

Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? – Properties, Limitations and Future Trends

Received: 1 December 2009; in revised form: 22 December 2009 / Accepted: 25 December 2009 / Published: 28 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ceramics for Healthcare)
Download PDF [843 KB, uploaded 28 December 2009]
Abstract: Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are clinically attractive dental materials that have certain unique properties that make them useful as restorative and luting materials. This includes adhesion to moist tooth structures and base metals, anticariogenic properties due to release of fluoride, thermal compatibility with tooth enamel, biocompatibility and low toxicity. The use of GICs in a mechanically loaded situation, however, has been hampered by their low mechanical performance. Poor mechanical properties, such as low fracture strength, toughness and wear, limit their extensive use in dentistry as a filling material in stress-bearing applications. In the posterior dental region, glass ionomer cements are mostly used as a temporary filling material. The requirement to strengthen those cements has lead to an ever increasing research effort into reinforcement or strengthening concepts.
Keywords: glass ionomer cement; strength; wear; fatigue; brittleness; porosity; glass fibers; resin modification; coating; clinical; restoration glass ionomer cement; strength; wear; fatigue; brittleness; porosity; glass fibers; resin modification; coating; clinical; restoration
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lohbauer, U. Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? – Properties, Limitations and Future Trends. Materials 2010, 3, 76-96.

AMA Style

Lohbauer U. Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? – Properties, Limitations and Future Trends. Materials. 2010; 3(1):76-96.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lohbauer, Ulrich. 2010. "Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? – Properties, Limitations and Future Trends." Materials 3, no. 1: 76-96.


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