Materials 2010, 3(1), 76-96; doi:10.3390/ma3010076
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Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? – Properties, Limitations and Future Trends

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Received: 1 December 2009; in revised form: 22 December 2009 / Accepted: 25 December 2009 / Published: 28 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ceramics for Healthcare)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are clinically attractive dental materials that have certain unique properties that make them useful as restorative and luting materials. This includes adhesion to moist tooth structures and base metals, anticariogenic properties due to release of fluoride, thermal compatibility with tooth enamel, biocompatibility and low toxicity. The use of GICs in a mechanically loaded situation, however, has been hampered by their low mechanical performance. Poor mechanical properties, such as low fracture strength, toughness and wear, limit their extensive use in dentistry as a filling material in stress-bearing applications. In the posterior dental region, glass ionomer cements are mostly used as a temporary filling material. The requirement to strengthen those cements has lead to an ever increasing research effort into reinforcement or strengthening concepts.
Keywords: glass ionomer cement; strength; wear; fatigue; brittleness; porosity; glass fibers; resin modification; coating; clinical; restoration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lohbauer, U. Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? – Properties, Limitations and Future Trends. Materials 2010, 3, 76-96.

AMA Style

Lohbauer U. Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? – Properties, Limitations and Future Trends. Materials. 2010; 3(1):76-96.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lohbauer, Ulrich. 2010. "Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? – Properties, Limitations and Future Trends." Materials 3, no. 1: 76-96.

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