Materials 2009, 2(4), 2228-2258; doi:10.3390/ma2042228
Review

Nanostructured Photocatalysts and Their Applications in the Photocatalytic Transformation of Lignocellulosic Biomass: An Overview

Received: 7 November 2009; in revised form: 27 November 2009 / Accepted: 2 December 2009 / Published: 7 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Biomimetics and Materials Design)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Heterogeneous photocatalysis offer many possibilities for finding appropiate environmentally friendly solutions for many of the the problems affecting our society (i.e., energy issues). Researchers are still looking for novel routes to prepare solid photocatalysts able to transform solar into chemical energy more efficiently. In many developing countries, biomass is a major energy source, but currently such countries lack of the technology to sustainably obtain chemicals and/or fuels from it. The Roadmap for Biomass Technologies, authored by 26 leading experts from academia, industry, and government agencies, has predicted a gradual shift back to a carbohydrate-based economy. Biomass and biofuels appear to hold the key to satisfy the basic needs of our societies for the sustainable production of liquid fuels and high value-added chemicals without compromising the scenario of future generations. In this review, we aim to discuss various design routes for nanostructured photocatalytic solid materials in view of their applications in the selective transformation of lignocellulosic biomass to high value-added chemicals.
Keywords: heterogeneous photocatalysis; nanoparticles; biomass transformation; solar energy; biofuels
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MDPI and ACS Style

Colmenares, J.C.; Luque, R.; Campelo, J.M.; Colmenares, F.; Karpiński, Z.; Romero, A.A. Nanostructured Photocatalysts and Their Applications in the Photocatalytic Transformation of Lignocellulosic Biomass: An Overview. Materials 2009, 2, 2228-2258.

AMA Style

Colmenares JC, Luque R, Campelo JM, Colmenares F, Karpiński Z, Romero AA. Nanostructured Photocatalysts and Their Applications in the Photocatalytic Transformation of Lignocellulosic Biomass: An Overview. Materials. 2009; 2(4):2228-2258.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Colmenares, Juan Carlos; Luque, Rafael; Campelo, Juan Manuel; Colmenares, Fernando; Karpiński, Zbigniew; Romero, Antonio Angel. 2009. "Nanostructured Photocatalysts and Their Applications in the Photocatalytic Transformation of Lignocellulosic Biomass: An Overview." Materials 2, no. 4: 2228-2258.

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