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Materials 2009, 2(3), 1402-1416; doi:10.3390/ma2031402
Article

A Novel Approach for Automated Analysis of Cell Attachment and Spreading Based on Backscattered Electron Imaging by Scanning Electron Microscopy

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Received: 17 August 2009; in revised form: 21 September 2009 / Accepted: 23 September 2009 / Published: 24 September 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Biomaterials)
Download PDF [1431 KB, uploaded 24 September 2009]
Abstract: The development of new materials for biological application requires in vitro testing of cell/surface interactions. Cell adhesion and spreading are difficult to quantify as most materials are non-transparent and transmission microscopy cannot be used. Contrast in reflection microscopy is rather poor. We propose an alternative method for the automated screening of cell attachment and spreading using backscattered electron imaging of scanning electron microscopy. The enhanced cell contrast permits study of cell/material interactions by little differences between cells and material.
Keywords: cell adhesion; cell spreading; cytocompatibility of materials; cell/material interactions; scanning electron microscopy; backscattered electron imaging; image analysis cell adhesion; cell spreading; cytocompatibility of materials; cell/material interactions; scanning electron microscopy; backscattered electron imaging; image analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Katsen-Globa, A.; Peter, L.; Zöllner, S.; Dörge, T.; Daffertshofer, M.; Preckel, H.; Schmitt, D.; Zimmermann, H. A Novel Approach for Automated Analysis of Cell Attachment and Spreading Based on Backscattered Electron Imaging by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Materials 2009, 2, 1402-1416.

AMA Style

Katsen-Globa A, Peter L, Zöllner S, Dörge T, Daffertshofer M, Preckel H, Schmitt D, Zimmermann H. A Novel Approach for Automated Analysis of Cell Attachment and Spreading Based on Backscattered Electron Imaging by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Materials. 2009; 2(3):1402-1416.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Katsen-Globa, Alisa; Peter, Leonora; Zöllner, Susan; Dörge, Thomas; Daffertshofer, Martin; Preckel, Hartwig; Schmitt, Daniel; Zimmermann, Heiko. 2009. "A Novel Approach for Automated Analysis of Cell Attachment and Spreading Based on Backscattered Electron Imaging by Scanning Electron Microscopy." Materials 2, no. 3: 1402-1416.


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