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Materials 2018, 11(7), 1173; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11071173

Identification and Characterization of Defects in Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic by Refining the Guided Lamb Waves

1
Prof. K. Barsauskas Ultrasound Research Institute, Kaunas University of Technology, K. Baršausko St. 59, LT-51423 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Department of Electrical Power Systems, Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentu St. 48, LT-51367 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 June 2018 / Revised: 5 July 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 9 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Damage Detection and Characterization of High Performance Composites)
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Abstract

In this paper, the disbond-type defect presented on glass fiber reinforced plastic material is analyzed by refining the guided Lamb wave signals. A segment of wind turbine blade is considered as a test sample. The low-frequency ultrasonic measurement system is used for the non-destructive testing of the test sample using guided waves. The P-1 type macro-fiber composite transducer as a transmitter and contact-type piezoceramic transducer as a receiver are used for the testing of a sample. The disbond type defect having a diameter of 81 mm is detected from the experimental results. To improve the accuracy in locating and sizing the defects and estimation of the time of flight and phase velocity of ultrasonic guided waves in defective region, signal processing algorithm is developed by utilizing the promising properties of various ultrasonic signal processing techniques such as wavelet transform, amplitude detection, two-dimensional Fast-Fourier transform, Hilbert transform and variational mode decomposition. The discrete wavelet transform is used to denoise the guided wave signals and then, the size and location of defects are estimated by amplitude detection. The reflected wave signals from the opposite edge of the sample are removed by applying the two-dimensional Fast-Fourier transform to the experimental B-scan signal. Afterwards, variational mode decomposition and Hilbert transform are used for the phase velocity and time-delay estimation by comparing the instantaneous amplitudes of the defective and defect-free signal. The validation and the demonstration of reproducibility of the algorithm is performed by extracting the features of a 51 mm defect from another experimental B-scan. View Full-Text
Keywords: glass fiber reinforced plastic; non-destructive testing; ultrasonic; guided wave; macro-fiber composite; wavelet transform; amplitude detection; two-dimensional fast Fourier transform; Hilbert transform; variational mode decomposition glass fiber reinforced plastic; non-destructive testing; ultrasonic; guided wave; macro-fiber composite; wavelet transform; amplitude detection; two-dimensional fast Fourier transform; Hilbert transform; variational mode decomposition
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Tiwari, K.A.; Raisutis, R. Identification and Characterization of Defects in Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic by Refining the Guided Lamb Waves. Materials 2018, 11, 1173.

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