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Materials 2018, 11(5), 777; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11050777

Influence of Size and Shape of Silica Supports on the Sol–Gel Surface Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Selective Adsorption of Gossypol

1
Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Xinjiang Institute of Engineering, Urumqi 830026, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 April 2018 / Revised: 8 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 May 2018 / Published: 11 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Nanomaterials)
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Abstract

The influence of various silica gel supports with different shapes and sizes on the recognition properties of surface molecular imprinted polymers (MIPs) was investigated. MIPs for selective recognition and adsorption of gossypol were synthesized via the sol–gel process with a surface imprinting technique on silica gel substrates. 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) were chosen as the functional monomer and the cross-linker. The morphology and structure of the gossypol-MIPs were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and a standard Brunauer–Emett–Teller (BET) analysis. Results indicated that the surface imprinted polymer layer facilitated the removal and rebinding of the template, and thus, achieved fast binding kinetics. Compared with the MIPs prepared on irregularly shaped silica with a broad particle size distribution, the MIPs using regularly-shaped silica of uniform size showed higher imprinting factor (IF), and the MIP made with a relatively larger sized (60 μm) spherical silica, demonstrated higher adsorption capacity compared to the MIPs made with smaller sized, spherical silica. The MIP prepared with 60 μm spherically shaped silica, featured a fast adsorption kinetic of 10 min, and a saturated adsorption capacity of 204 mg·g−1. The gossypol-MIP had higher selectivity (IF = 2.20) for gossypol over its structurally-similar analogs ellagic acid (IF = 1.13) and quercetin (IF = 1.20). The adsorption data of the MIP correlated well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Freundlich isotherm model, which implied that chemical adsorption dominated, and that multilayer adsorption occurred. Furthermore, the MIP exhibited an excellent regeneration performance, and the adsorption capacity of the MIP for gossypol only decreased by 6% after six reused cycles, indicating good application potential for selective adsorption of gossypol. View Full-Text
Keywords: gossypol; surface molecular imprinting; size and shape effect; sol–gel process gossypol; surface molecular imprinting; size and shape effect; sol–gel process
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhi, K.; Wang, L.; Zhang, Y.; Jiang, Y.; Zhang, L.; Yasin, A. Influence of Size and Shape of Silica Supports on the Sol–Gel Surface Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Selective Adsorption of Gossypol. Materials 2018, 11, 777.

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