The Electronic Properties of O-Doped Pure and Sulfur Vacancy-Defect Monolayer WS2: A First-Principles Study
AbstractBased on the density functional theory (DFT), the electronic properties of O-doped pure and sulfur vacancy-defect monolayer WS2 are investigated by using the first-principles method. For the O-doped pure monolayer WS2, four sizes (2 × 2 × 1, 3 × 3 × 1, 4 × 4 × 1 and 5 × 5 × 1) of supercell are discussed to probe the effects of O doping concentration on the electronic structure. For the 2 × 2 × 1 supercell with 12.5% O doping concentration, the band gap of O-doped pure WS2 is reduced by 8.9% displaying an indirect band gap. The band gaps in 3 × 3 × 1 and 4 × 4 × 1 supercells are both opened to some extent, respectively, for 5.55% and 3.13% O doping concentrations, while the band gap in 5 × 5 × 1 supercell with 2.0% O doping concentration is quite close to that of the pure monolayer WS2. Then, two typical point defects, including sulfur single-vacancy (VS) and sulfur divacancy (V2S), are introduced to probe the influences of O doping on the electronic properties of WS2 monolayers. The observations from DFT calculations show that O doping can broaden the band gap of monolayer WS2 with VS defect to a certain degree, but weaken the band gap of monolayer WS2 with V2S defect. Doping O element into either pure or sulfur vacancy-defect monolayer WS2 cannot change their band gaps significantly, however, it still can be regarded as a potential method to slightly tune the electronic properties of monolayer WS2. View Full-Text
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Wang, W.; Bai, L.; Yang, C.; Fan, K.; Xie, Y.; Li, M. The Electronic Properties of O-Doped Pure and Sulfur Vacancy-Defect Monolayer WS2: A First-Principles Study. Materials 2018, 11, 218.
Wang W, Bai L, Yang C, Fan K, Xie Y, Li M. The Electronic Properties of O-Doped Pure and Sulfur Vacancy-Defect Monolayer WS2: A First-Principles Study. Materials. 2018; 11(2):218.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Weidong; Bai, Liwen; Yang, Chenguang; Fan, Kangqi; Xie, Yong; Li, Minglin. 2018. "The Electronic Properties of O-Doped Pure and Sulfur Vacancy-Defect Monolayer WS2: A First-Principles Study." Materials 11, no. 2: 218.
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