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Materials 2017, 10(9), 1040; doi:10.3390/ma10091040

Effect of Silane Coupling Agent on Tribological Properties of Hemp Fiber-Reinforced Plant-Derived Polyamide 1010 Biomass Composites

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan
2
Jonan Branch, Tokyo Metropolitan Industrial Technology Research Institute, 1-20-20, Minamikamata, Ota, Tokyo 144-0035, Japan
3
Tokyo Metropolitan Industrial Technology Research Institute, 2-4-10, Aomi, Kotoku, Tokyo 135-0064, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 July 2017 / Revised: 20 August 2017 / Accepted: 4 September 2017 / Published: 5 September 2017
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Abstract

We have studied the effects of silane coupling agents used for the surface treatment of fiber on the tribological properties of hemp fiber (HF) reinforced plant-derived polyamide 1010 (PA1010) biomass composites. Hemp fibers were surface-treated by two surface treatment methods: (a) alkali treatment by sodium hydroxide solution and (b) surface treatment by silane coupling agents. Three types of silane coupling agents, namely aminosilane, epoxysilane and ureidosilane were used. These HF/PA1010 biomass composites were extruded using a twin extruder, and injection-molded. The mechanical and tribological properties were evaluated by the ring-on-plate type sliding wear test. It was found that tribological properties of HF/PA1010 biomass composites improved with the surface treatment by the silane coupling agent. This may be attributed to the change in the mode of friction and wear mechanism by the interfacial adhesion between fiber and matrix polymer according to the type of silane coupling agent used. In particular, the ureidosilane coupling agent showed the best improvement effect for the tribological properties of these biomass composites in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer-matrix composites; friction; wear; plant-derived polyamide; hemp fiber; silane coupling agent polymer-matrix composites; friction; wear; plant-derived polyamide; hemp fiber; silane coupling agent
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nishitani, Y.; Kajiyama, T.; Yamanaka, T. Effect of Silane Coupling Agent on Tribological Properties of Hemp Fiber-Reinforced Plant-Derived Polyamide 1010 Biomass Composites. Materials 2017, 10, 1040.

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