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Materials 2017, 10(6), 602; doi:10.3390/ma10060602

Chitosan Biomaterials for Current and Potential Dental Applications

1
Department of Dental Materials, College of Dentistry, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi 75110, Pakistan
2
Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Al Madinah, Al Munawwarah 41311, Saudi Arabia
3
Bow River Dental, Calgary, Alberta AB T3B 0M3, Canada
4
Department of Dental Materials, Islamic International Dental College, Riphah International University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
5
Prosthodontic and Implantology Department, College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 380, Al-Hofuf, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia
6
Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Engineering, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 380, Al-Hofuf, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia
7
Department of Restorative and Prosthetic Dental Sciences, Dar al Uloom University, College of Dentistry, P.O. Box 45142, Riyadh 11512, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jiujiang Yu
Received: 1 May 2017 / Revised: 27 May 2017 / Accepted: 27 May 2017 / Published: 31 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
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Abstract

Chitosan (CHS) is a very versatile natural biomaterial that has been explored for a range of bio-dental applications. CHS has numerous favourable properties such as biocompatibility, hydrophilicity, biodegradability, and a broad antibacterial spectrum (covering gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria as well as fungi). In addition, the molecular structure boasts reactive functional groups that provide numerous reaction sites and opportunities for forging electrochemical relationships at the cellular and molecular levels. The unique properties of CHS have attracted materials scientists around the globe to explore it for bio-dental applications. This review aims to highlight and discuss the hype around the development of novel chitosan biomaterials. Utilizing chitosan as a critical additive for the modification and improvement of existing dental materials has also been discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural biomaterials; biopolymers; chitin; dental materials; dental restorations; tissue regeneration natural biomaterials; biopolymers; chitin; dental materials; dental restorations; tissue regeneration
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Husain, S.; Al-Samadani, K.H.; Najeeb, S.; Zafar, M.S.; Khurshid, Z.; Zohaib, S.; Qasim, S.B. Chitosan Biomaterials for Current and Potential Dental Applications. Materials 2017, 10, 602.

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