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Materials 2017, 10(5), 553; doi:10.3390/ma10050553

Structure and Thermoelectric Properties of Bi2−xSbxTe3 Nanowires Grown in Flexible Nanoporous Polycarbonate Templates

1
Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0FS, UK
2
Cavendish Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paz Vaqueiro
Received: 1 April 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2017 / Accepted: 13 May 2017 / Published: 19 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Thermoelectric Materials)
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Abstract

We report the room-temperature growth of vertically aligned ternary Bi2−xSbxTe3 nanowires of diameter ~200 nm and length ~12 µm, within flexible track-etched nanoporous polycarbonate (PC) templates via a one-step electrodeposition process. Bi2−xSbxTe3 nanowires with compositions spanning the entire range from pure Bi2Te3 (x = 0) to pure Sb2Te3 (x = 2) were systematically grown within the nanoporous channels of PC templates from a tartaric–nitric acid based electrolyte, at the end of which highly crystalline nanowires of uniform composition were obtained. Compositional analysis showed that the Sb concentration could be tuned by simply varying the electrolyte composition without any need for further annealing of the samples. Thermoelectric properties of the Bi2−xSbxTe3 nanowires were measured using a standardized bespoke setup while they were still embedded within the flexible PC templates. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bi2−xSbxTe3; thermoelectric; electrodeposition; nanowires; Seebeck coefficient Bi2−xSbxTe3; thermoelectric; electrodeposition; nanowires; Seebeck coefficient
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MDPI and ACS Style

Datta, A.; Sangle, A.; Hardingham, N.; Cooper, C.; Kraan, M.; Ritchie, D.; Narayan, V.; Kar-Narayan, S. Structure and Thermoelectric Properties of Bi2−xSbxTe3 Nanowires Grown in Flexible Nanoporous Polycarbonate Templates. Materials 2017, 10, 553.

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