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Materials 2017, 10(4), 437; doi:10.3390/ma10040437

In Situ TEM Study of Microstructure Evolution of Zr-Nb-Fe Alloy Irradiated by 800 keV Kr2+ Ions

College of Energy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, Fujian, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giorgio Biasiol
Received: 19 March 2017 / Revised: 15 April 2017 / Accepted: 20 April 2017 / Published: 22 April 2017
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The microstructure evolution of Zr-1.1Nb-1.51Fe-0.26Cu-0.72Ni zirconium alloy, irradiated by 800 keV Kr2+ ions at 585 K using the IVEM-Tandem Facility at Argonne National Laboratory, was observed by in situ transmission electron microscopy. A number of β-Nb precipitates with a body-centered cubic (BCC) structure were distributed in the as-received zirconium alloy with micrometer-size grains. Kr2+ ion irradiation induced the growth of β-Nb precipitates, which could be attributed to the segregation of the dissolved niobium atoms in the zirconium lattice and the migration to the existing precipitates. The size of precipitates was increased with increasing Kr2+ ion fluence. During Kr2+ iron irradiation, the zirconium crystals without Nb precipitates tended to transform to the nanocrystals, which was not observed in the zirconium crystals with Nb nanoparticles. The existing Nb nanoparticles were the key factor that constrained the nanocrystallization of zirconium crystals. The thickness of the formed Zr-nanocrystal layer was about 300 nm, which was consistent with the depth of Kr2+ iron irradiation. The mechanism of the precipitate growth and the formation of zirconium nanocrystal was analyzed and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: ion irradiation; in situ TEM; zirconium alloy; nanoparticle; nanocrystallization ion irradiation; in situ TEM; zirconium alloy; nanoparticle; nanocrystallization

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lei, P.; Ran, G.; Liu, C.; Ye, C.; Lv, D.; Lin, J.; Wu, Y.; Xu, J. In Situ TEM Study of Microstructure Evolution of Zr-Nb-Fe Alloy Irradiated by 800 keV Kr2+ Ions. Materials 2017, 10, 437.

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