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Materials 2017, 10(1), 12; doi:10.3390/ma10010012

Optically Clear and Resilient Free-Form µ-Optics 3D-Printed via Ultrafast Laser Lithography

1
Department of Quantum Electronics, Faculty of Physics, Vilnius University, Saulėtekio Ave. 10, Vilnius LT-10223, Lithuania
2
Department of Applied Chemistry, Vilnius University, Naugarduko Str. 24, Vilnius LT-03225, Lithuania
3
Center for Micro-Photonics, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn 3122, Australia
4
Melbourne Center for Nanofabrication, Australian National Fabrication Facility, Clayton 3168, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2016 / Accepted: 20 December 2016 / Published: 2 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ultrafast Laser-Based Manufacturing)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10651 KB, uploaded 2 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

We introduce optically clear and resilient free-form micro-optical components of pure (non-photosensitized) organic-inorganic SZ2080 material made by femtosecond 3D laser lithography (3DLL). This is advantageous for rapid printing of 3D micro-/nano-optics, including their integration directly onto optical fibers. A systematic study of the fabrication peculiarities and quality of resultant structures is performed. Comparison of microlens resiliency to continuous wave (CW) and femtosecond pulsed exposure is determined. Experimental results prove that pure SZ2080 is ∼20 fold more resistant to high irradiance as compared with standard lithographic material (SU8) and can sustain up to 1.91 GW/cm2 intensity. 3DLL is a promising manufacturing approach for high-intensity micro-optics for emerging fields in astro-photonics and atto-second pulse generation. Additionally, pyrolysis is employed to homogeneously shrink structures up to 40% by removing organic SZ2080 constituents. This opens a promising route towards downscaling photonic lattices and the creation of mechanically robust glass-ceramic microstructures. View Full-Text
Keywords: direct laser writing; ultrafast laser; 3D laser lithography; 3D printing; hybrid polymer; integrated micro-optics; optical damage; photonics; pyrolysis; ceramic 3D structures direct laser writing; ultrafast laser; 3D laser lithography; 3D printing; hybrid polymer; integrated micro-optics; optical damage; photonics; pyrolysis; ceramic 3D structures
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jonušauskas, L.; Gailevičius, D.; Mikoliūnaitė, L.; Sakalauskas, D.; Šakirzanovas, S.; Juodkazis, S.; Malinauskas, M. Optically Clear and Resilient Free-Form µ-Optics 3D-Printed via Ultrafast Laser Lithography. Materials 2017, 10, 12.

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