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Energies 2016, 9(9), 744; doi:10.3390/en9090744

Study of a New Quick-Charging Strategy for Electric Vehicles in Highway Charging Stations

School of Electrical Engineering, Southeast University, No. 2 Sipailou, Nanjing 210096, China
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Academic Editor: Ching-Ming Lai
Received: 24 June 2016 / Revised: 5 September 2016 / Accepted: 8 September 2016 / Published: 14 September 2016
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Abstract

To solve the problem, because of which conventional quick-charging strategies (CQCS) cannot meet the requirements of quick-charging for multiple types of electric vehicles (EV) on highways where vehicle inflow is excessive, this paper proposed a new quick-charging strategy (NQCS) for EVs: on the premise of not affecting those EVs being charged, the remaining power of the quick-charging pile with multiple power output interfaces is used to provide a synchronous charging service for EVs waiting in the queue. To verify the effectiveness of this strategy, a power distribution model of charging pile and a queuing model of charging station (CS) were constructed. In addition, based on an actual highway service area where vehicle inflow is excessive during the simulation period (0:00–24:00), charging situations of CQCS and NQCS were respectively simulated in a charging station (CS), with different number of chargers, by basic queuing algorithm and an improved queuing algorithm. The simulation results showed that when the relative EV inflow is excessive, compared to CQCS, NQCS not only can reduce user waiting time, charging time, and stay time, but also can improve the utilisation rate of charging infrastructure and service capacity of CS and reduce the queue length of CS. At the same time, NQCS can reduce the impact on the power grid. In addition, in NQCS, the on-demand power distribution method is more efficient than the average power distribution method. Therefore, NQCS is more suitable for quick-charging for multiple types of EVs on highways where vehicle inflow is excessive. View Full-Text
Keywords: highway; quick-charging; electric vehicles; power distribution; improved queuing algorithm highway; quick-charging; electric vehicles; power distribution; improved queuing algorithm
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, L.; Huang, X.; Chen, Z.; Jin, L. Study of a New Quick-Charging Strategy for Electric Vehicles in Highway Charging Stations. Energies 2016, 9, 744.

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