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Energies 2016, 9(8), 615; doi:10.3390/en9080615

Exploring Reduction Potential of Carbon Intensity Based on Back Propagation Neural Network and Scenario Analysis: A Case of Beijing, China

1
Department of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, China
2
School of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vincenzo Dovì and Antonella Battaglini
Received: 4 May 2016 / Revised: 27 July 2016 / Accepted: 28 July 2016 / Published: 4 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Policy and Climate Change 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1417 KB, uploaded 4 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Carbon emissions are the major cause of the global warming; therefore, the exploration of carbon emissions reduction potential is of great significance to reduce carbon emissions. This paper explores the potential of carbon intensity reduction in Beijing in 2020. Based on factors including economic growth, resident population growth, energy structure adjustment, industrial structure adjustment and technical progress, the paper sets 48 development scenarios during the years 2015–2020. Then, the back propagation (BP) neural network optimized by improved particle swarm optimization algorithm (IPSO) is used to calculate the carbon emissions and carbon intensity reduction potential under various scenarios for 2016 and 2020. Finally, the contribution of different factors to carbon intensity reduction is compared. The results indicate that Beijing could more than fulfill the 40%–45% reduction target for carbon intensity in 2020 in all of the scenarios. Furthermore, energy structure adjustment, industrial structure adjustment and technical progress can drive the decline in carbon intensity. However, the increase in the resident population hinders the decline in carbon intensity, and there is no clear relationship between economy and carbon intensity. On the basis of these findings, this paper puts forward relevant policy recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon intensity; IPSO model; scenario analysis; Beijing carbon intensity; IPSO model; scenario analysis; Beijing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, J.; Shi, J.; Li, J. Exploring Reduction Potential of Carbon Intensity Based on Back Propagation Neural Network and Scenario Analysis: A Case of Beijing, China. Energies 2016, 9, 615.

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