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Energies 2016, 9(8), 603; doi:10.3390/en9080603

Recent Progress on the Key Materials and Components for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells in Vehicle Applications

1
Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
3
School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
4
Fuel Cell System and Engineering Laboratory, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning, China
5
State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
6
Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vladimir Gurau
Received: 30 May 2016 / Revised: 5 July 2016 / Accepted: 11 July 2016 / Published: 29 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3576 KB, uploaded 29 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Fuel cells are the most clean and efficient power source for vehicles. In particular, proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are the most promising candidate for automobile applications due to their rapid start-up and low-temperature operation. Through extensive global research efforts in the latest decade, the performance of PEMFCs, including energy efficiency, volumetric and mass power density, and low temperature startup ability, have achieved significant breakthroughs. In 2014, fuel cell powered vehicles were introduced into the market by several prominent vehicle companies. However, the low durability and high cost of PEMFC systems are still the main obstacles for large-scale industrialization of this technology. The key materials and components used in PEMFCs greatly affect their durability and cost. In this review, the technical progress of key materials and components for PEMFCs has been summarized and critically discussed, including topics such as the membrane, catalyst layer, gas diffusion layer, and bipolar plate. The development of high-durability processing technologies is also introduced. Finally, this review is concluded with personal perspectives on the future research directions of this area. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen energy; fuel cell automobile; catalyst; proton exchange membrane; gas diffusion layer; bipolar plate hydrogen energy; fuel cell automobile; catalyst; proton exchange membrane; gas diffusion layer; bipolar plate
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Wang, C.; Wang, S.; Peng, L.; Zhang, J.; Shao, Z.; Huang, J.; Sun, C.; Ouyang, M.; He, X. Recent Progress on the Key Materials and Components for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells in Vehicle Applications. Energies 2016, 9, 603.

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