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Energies 2016, 9(8), 601;

Efficient Use of Energy Resources on French Farms: An Analysis through Technical Efficiency

Ecole Supérieure d’Agricultures Angers-Loire (ESA), Social Sciences Laboratory, LARESS, Angers 49007, France
Structures and Markets in Agriculture, Resources and Territories (SMART), French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), Rennes 35000, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Talal Yusaf
Received: 21 June 2016 / Revised: 20 July 2016 / Accepted: 26 July 2016 / Published: 29 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy for Agriculture)
Full-Text   |   PDF [383 KB, uploaded 29 July 2016]   |  


Integrating natural resources and ecological services in the production process is crucial to implement sustainable agriculture. However, the measurement of natural resource efficiency remains difficult. This paper aims at contributing to this issue, by investigating French farms’ use and excess (slack) of energy resources through Data Envelopment Analyses (DEA). Results show that disentangling energy resources from the rest of intermediate consumption highlights energy use excess which is masked when considering intermediate consumption as a whole. The analysis of the determinants of energy use excess and of intermediate consumption shows a discrepancy in results, which policy-makers should take into account when designing energy policies. In addition, results show that large and highly capital intensive farms perform better in terms of energy use excess, while the dependence on public subsidies is a constraint. View Full-Text
Keywords: technical efficiency; energy resources; farms; Data Envelopment Analysis; France technical efficiency; energy resources; farms; Data Envelopment Analysis; France

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ghali, M.; Latruffe, L.; Daniel, K. Efficient Use of Energy Resources on French Farms: An Analysis through Technical Efficiency. Energies 2016, 9, 601.

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