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Energies 2016, 9(6), 432; doi:10.3390/en9060432

Performance Evaluation of a Helical Coil Heat Exchanger Working under Supercritical Conditions in a Solar Organic Rankine Cycle Installation

1
Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, Ghent 9000, Belgium
2
Department of Natural Resources and Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos street 75, Athens 11855, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sylvain Quoilin
Received: 31 January 2016 / Revised: 4 May 2016 / Accepted: 26 May 2016 / Published: 3 June 2016
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Abstract

Worldwide interest in low grade heat valorization using organic Rankine cycle (ORC) technologies has increased significantly. A new small-scale ORC with a net capacity of 3 kW was efficiently integrated with a concentrated solar power technology for electricity generation. The excess heat source from Photovoltaic (PV) collectors with a maximum temperature of 100 °C was utilized through a supercritical heat exchanger that uses R-404A as working medium. By ensuring supercritical heat transfer leads to a better thermal match in the heat exchanger and improved overall cycle efficiency. A helical coil heat exchanger was designed by using heat transfer correlations from the literature. These heat transfer correlations were derived for different conditions than ORCs and their estimated uncertainty is ~20%. In order to account for the heat transfer correlation uncertainties this component was oversized by 20%. Next, a prototype was built and installed in an integrated concentrated photovoltaic/thermal (CPV/T)/Rankine system. The results from the measurements show that for better estimation of the sizing of the heat exchanger a more accurate correlation is required in order to design an optimal configuration and thus employ cheaper components. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic Rankine cycle (ORC); supercritical heat transfer; heat exchanger design; concentrated PV collectors; helical coil heat exchanger organic Rankine cycle (ORC); supercritical heat transfer; heat exchanger design; concentrated PV collectors; helical coil heat exchanger
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lazova, M.; Huisseune, H.; Kaya, A.; Lecompte, S.; Kosmadakis, G.; De Paepe, M. Performance Evaluation of a Helical Coil Heat Exchanger Working under Supercritical Conditions in a Solar Organic Rankine Cycle Installation. Energies 2016, 9, 432.

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