Next Article in Journal
Development of an ICE-Based Micro-CHP System Based on a Stirling Engine; Methodology for a Comparative Study of its Performance and Sensitivity Analysis in Recreational Sailing Boats in Different European Climates
Next Article in Special Issue
A Model for the Assessment of Different Net-Metering Policies
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
On Variable Reverse Power Flow-Part II: An Electricity Market Model Considering Wind Station Size and Location
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2016, 9(4), 238;

Lightweight Borohydrides Electro-Activity in Lithium Cells

Chemistry Department, Sapienza University, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, Rome 00185, Italy
Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (ISC-CNR), via dei Taurini, Rome 00185, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze, Università della Basilicata, v.le Ateneo Lucano 10, Potenza 85100, Italy
Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l'energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile, ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome 00123, Italy
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Izumi Taniguchi
Received: 13 January 2016 / Revised: 22 February 2016 / Accepted: 15 March 2016 / Published: 25 March 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [3030 KB, uploaded 25 March 2016]   |  


As a substitute for graphite, the negative electrode material commonly used in Li-ion batteries, hydrides have the theoretical potential to overcome performance limits of the current state-of-the-art Li-ion cells. Hydrides can operate through a conversion process proved for some interstitial hydrides like MgH2: MxAy + n Li = x M + y LimA, where m = n/y. Even if far from optimization, outstanding performances were observed, drawing the attention to the whole hydride family. Looking for high capacity systems, lightweight complex metal hydrides, such as borohydrides, deserve consideration. Capacities in the order of 2000–4000 mAh/g can be theoretically expected thanks to the very low formula unit weight. Although the potential technological impact of these materials can lead to major breakthroughs in Li-ion batteries, this new research field requires the tackling of fundamental issues that are completely unexplored. Here, our recent findings on the incorporation of borohydrides are presented and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-ion batteries; negative electrodes; borohydrides; conversion reactions lithium-ion batteries; negative electrodes; borohydrides; conversion reactions

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Meggiolaro, D.; Farina, L.; Silvestri, L.; Panero, S.; Brutti, S.; Reale, P. Lightweight Borohydrides Electro-Activity in Lithium Cells. Energies 2016, 9, 238.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top