Synthesis and Characterization of Sulfonated Poly(Phenylene) Containing a Non-Planar Structure and Dibenzoyl Groups
AbstractPolymers for application as sulfonated polyphenylene membranes were prepared by nickel-catalyzed carbon-carbon coupling reaction of bis(4-chlorophenyl)-1,2-diphenylethylene (BCD) and 1,4-dichloro-2,5-dibenzoylbenzene (DCBP). Conjugated cis/trans isomer (BCD) had a non-planar conformation containing four peripheral aromatic rings that facilitate the formation of π–π interactions. 1,4-Dichloro-2,5-dibenzoylbenzene was synthesized from the oxidation reaction of 2,5-dichloro-p-xylene, followed by Friedel-Crafts reaction with benzene. DCBP monomer had good reactivity in polymerization affecting the activity of benzophenone as an electron-withdrawing group. The polyphenylene was sulfonated using concentrated sulfuric acid. These polymers without any ether linkages on the polymer backbone were protected from nucleophilic attack by hydrogen peroxide, hydroxide anion, and radicals generated by polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) operation systems. The mole fraction of the sulfonic acid groups was controlled by varying the mole ratio of bis(4-chlorophenyl)-1,2-diphenylethylene in the copolymer. In comparison with Nafion 211® membrane, these SBCDCBP membranes showed ion exchange capacity (IEC) ranging from 1.04 to 2.07 meq./g, water uptake from 36.5% to 69.4%, proton conductivity from 58.7 to 101.9 mS/cm, and high thermal stability. View Full-Text
Scifeed alert for new publicationsNever miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
- Get alerts for new papers matching your research
- Find out the new papers from selected authors
- Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
- Define your Scifeed now
Jang, H.; Sutradhar, S.C.; Yoo, J.; Ha, J.; Pyo, J.; Lee, C.; Ryu, T.; Kim, W. Synthesis and Characterization of Sulfonated Poly(Phenylene) Containing a Non-Planar Structure and Dibenzoyl Groups. Energies 2016, 9, 115.
Jang H, Sutradhar SC, Yoo J, Ha J, Pyo J, Lee C, Ryu T, Kim W. Synthesis and Characterization of Sulfonated Poly(Phenylene) Containing a Non-Planar Structure and Dibenzoyl Groups. Energies. 2016; 9(2):115.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jang, Hohyoun; Sutradhar, Sabuj C.; Yoo, Jiho; Ha, Jaeseong; Pyo, Jaeseung; Lee, Chaekyun; Ryu, Taewook; Kim, Whangi. 2016. "Synthesis and Characterization of Sulfonated Poly(Phenylene) Containing a Non-Planar Structure and Dibenzoyl Groups." Energies 9, no. 2: 115.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.