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Energies 2016, 9(2), 109; doi:10.3390/en9020109

Wind Speed Prediction Using a Univariate ARIMA Model and a Multivariate NARX Model

1
Facultad de Ingenieria Mecanica, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Santiago Tapia No. 403, Col. Centro, CP 58000 Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
2
Instituto de Energias Renovables, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado postal 34, CP 62580 Temixco, Morelos, Mexico
3
Division de Ciencias de la Comunicacion y Diseno, Departamento de Teoria y Procesos del Diseno, Diseno Ambiental, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Unidad Cuajimalpa, Torre III, 5to. piso, Av. Vasco de Quiroga 4871, Col. Santa Fe Cuajimalpa, Del. Cuajimalpa, Mexico D.F. 11850, Mexico
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guido Carpinelli
Received: 17 June 2015 / Revised: 20 January 2016 / Accepted: 22 January 2016 / Published: 17 February 2016
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Abstract

Two on step ahead wind speed forecasting models were compared. A univariate model was developed using a linear autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA). This method’s performance is well studied for a large number of prediction problems. The other is a multivariate model developed using a nonlinear autoregressive exogenous artificial neural network (NARX). This uses the variables: barometric pressure, air temperature, wind direction and solar radiation or relative humidity, as well as delayed wind speed. Both models were developed from two databases from two sites: an hourly average measurements database from La Mata, Oaxaca, Mexico, and a ten minute average measurements database from Metepec, Hidalgo, Mexico. The main objective was to compare the impact of the various meteorological variables on the performance of the multivariate model of wind speed prediction with respect to the high performance univariate linear model. The NARX model gave better results with improvements on the ARIMA model of between 5.5% and 10. 6% for the hourly database and of between 2.3% and 12.8% for the ten minute database for mean absolute error and mean squared error, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind speed prediction; NARX; ARIMA; multivariate analysis wind speed prediction; NARX; ARIMA; multivariate analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cadenas, E.; Rivera, W.; Campos-Amezcua, R.; Heard, C. Wind Speed Prediction Using a Univariate ARIMA Model and a Multivariate NARX Model. Energies 2016, 9, 109.

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