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Energies 2016, 9(12), 981; doi:10.3390/en9120981

Local Alternative for Energy Supply: Performance Assessment of Integrated Community Energy Systems

1
Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, 2628 Delft, The Netherlands
2
Institute for Research in Technology, Comillas Pontifical University, 28015 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paras Mandal
Received: 17 August 2016 / Revised: 31 October 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 25 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Microgrids: Developing the Intelligent Power Grid of Tomorrow)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5036 KB, uploaded 25 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Integrated community energy systems (ICESs) are emerging as a modern development to re-organize local energy systems allowing simultaneous integration of distributed energy resources (DERs) and engagement of local communities. Although local energy initiatives, such as ICESs are rapidly emerging due to community objectives, such as cost and emission reductions as well as resiliency, assessment and evaluation are still lacking on the value that these systems can provide both to the local communities as well as to the whole energy system. In this paper, we present a model-based framework to assess the value of ICESs for the local communities. The distributed energy resources-consumer adoption model (DER-CAM) based ICES model is used to assess the value of an ICES in the Netherlands. For the considered community size and local conditions, grid-connected ICESs are already beneficial to the alternative of solely being supplied from the grid both in terms of total energy costs and CO2 emissions, whereas grid-defected systems, although performing very well in terms of CO2 emission reduction, are still rather expensive. View Full-Text
Keywords: distributed energy resources (DERs); energy communities; smart grids; multi-carrier energy systems; optimization distributed energy resources (DERs); energy communities; smart grids; multi-carrier energy systems; optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Koirala, B.P.; Chaves Ávila, J.P.; Gómez, T.; Hakvoort, R.A.; Herder, P.M. Local Alternative for Energy Supply: Performance Assessment of Integrated Community Energy Systems. Energies 2016, 9, 981.

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