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Energies 2016, 9(12), 1002; doi:10.3390/en9121002

Hydraulic Hybrid Excavator—Mathematical Model Validation and Energy Analysis

1
Industrial Engineering Department, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 181/A, 43124 Parma, Italy
2
Casappa S.p.A., Via Balestrieri 1, Lemignano di Collecchio, 43044 Parma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrea Vacca
Received: 27 September 2016 / Revised: 9 November 2016 / Accepted: 23 November 2016 / Published: 29 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Efficiency and Controllability of Fluid Power Systems)

Abstract

Recent demands to reduce pollutant emissions and improve energy efficiency have driven the implementation of hybrid solutions in mobile machinery. This paper presents the results of a numerical and experimental analysis conducted on a hydraulic hybrid excavator (HHE). The machinery under study is a middle size excavator, whose standard version was modified with the introduction of an energy recovery system (ERS). The proposed ERS layout was designed to recover the potential energy of the boom, using a hydraulic accumulator as a storage device. The recovered energy is utilized through the pilot pump of the machinery which operates as a motor, thus reducing the torque required from the internal combustion engine (ICE). The analysis reported in this paper validates the HHE model by comparing numerical and experimental data in terms of hydraulic and mechanical variables and fuel consumption. The mathematical model shows its capability to reproduce the realistic operating conditions of the realized prototype, tested on the field. A detailed energy analysis comparison between the standard and the hybrid excavator models was carried out to evaluate the energy flows along the system, showing advantages, weaknesses and possibilities to further improve the machinery efficiency. Finally, the fuel consumption estimated by the model and that measured during the experiments are presented to highlight the fuel saving percentages. The HHE model is an important starting point for the development of other energy saving solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydraulic hybrid excavator; energy analysis; fuel saving; numerical modeling hydraulic hybrid excavator; energy analysis; fuel saving; numerical modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Casoli, P.; Riccò, L.; Campanini, F.; Bedotti, A. Hydraulic Hybrid Excavator—Mathematical Model Validation and Energy Analysis. Energies 2016, 9, 1002.

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