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Energies 2016, 9(10), 806; doi:10.3390/en9100806

Is ‘Bio-Based’ Activity a Panacea for Sustainable Competitive Growth?

Aragonese Agency for Research and Development (ARAID), Centre for Agro-Food Research and Technology (CITA), Government of Aragón, Avda. Montañana 930, Zaragoza 50059, Spain
Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), Wageningen University and Research Centre, Alexanderveld 5, The Hague 2585, The Netherlands
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Directorate Sustainable Resources, Seville 41092, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: John Barrett
Received: 13 July 2016 / Revised: 21 September 2016 / Accepted: 27 September 2016 / Published: 10 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Carbon Economy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1115 KB, uploaded 10 October 2016]   |  


Taking a European Union focus, this paper explicitly models competing uses of biomass to quantify its contribution toward a sustainable low carbon model of economic growth. To this end, a state-of-the-art multisector multiregion modelling tool is combined with a specially developed bio-based variant of a well-known global database. Employing a decomposition method of the market drivers and classifying alternative future pathways, the aim is to understand how public policies can influence the apparent trade-off between the goals of lower carbon economic growth, environmental preservation and sustainable biomass usage. Results reveal that in targeting specific societal goals public policy can be effective, although this can lead to broader economic issues of resource inefficiency and even direct policy conflicts. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-based activity; foresight analysis; Computable General Equilibrium; biofuels; Common Agricultural Policy; Greenhouse gas emissions bio-based activity; foresight analysis; Computable General Equilibrium; biofuels; Common Agricultural Policy; Greenhouse gas emissions

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Philippidis, G.; M’barek, R.; Ferrari, E. Is ‘Bio-Based’ Activity a Panacea for Sustainable Competitive Growth? Energies 2016, 9, 806.

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