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Energies 2016, 9(10), 805; doi:10.3390/en9100805

Wind Energy Assessment for Small Urban Communities in the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico

Faculty of Engineering Campus Coatzacoalcos, University of Veracruz Mexico, Veracruz 96535, Mexico
Academic Editor: Francisco Manzano Agugliaro
Received: 3 May 2016 / Revised: 30 June 2016 / Accepted: 8 July 2016 / Published: 9 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Generation of Renewable Energy and Sustainable Cities)
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Abstract

Mexico needs to exploit its renewable resources and many studies have determined the great renewable potential it has using wind energy. However it is necessary to calculate the amount of this resource for small urban communities, which in this country lack essential services such as electricity. This study is focused in the Baja California Peninsula, using GIS as a tool to identify small urban zones with higher wind power. For this work data was analyzed from meteorological stations and recorded every 10 min for two years (2012–2014). Weibull distribution, linear regression, kriging interpolation, power and energy output and useful hours were calculated for each station. It was found that the total energy generated is 38,603,666 kWh per year and the mean of useful hours is 5220 h per year for the whole Peninsula. Maps of Wind Power Density (WPD) show a good power per square meter, GIS shows the areas with the most wind power where it can be used i.e., the state of Baja California wind power can generate electricity for 12% of those communities, meanwhile for Baja California Sur, the electric power generation could electrify almost 25% of the total of small urban communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind assessment; small urban electrification; Baja California Peninsula Mexico wind assessment; small urban electrification; Baja California Peninsula Mexico
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hernandez-Escobedo, Q. Wind Energy Assessment for Small Urban Communities in the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico. Energies 2016, 9, 805.

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