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Energies 2015, 8(9), 9266-9281; doi:10.3390/en8099266

An Approach to Identify the Suitable Plant Location for Miscanthus-Based Ethanol Industry: A Case Study in Ontario, Canada

1
School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
2
Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Lundmark
Received: 26 June 2015 / Revised: 10 August 2015 / Accepted: 18 August 2015 / Published: 28 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economics of Bioenergy 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [436 KB, uploaded 28 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

The life cycle (LC) of ethanol extracted from Miscanthus has been evaluated to identify the potential location for the Miscanthus-based ethanol industry in Ontario, Canada to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and minimize the production cost of ethanol. Four scenarios are established considering the land classes, land use, and cropping patterns in Ontario, Canada. The net energy consumption, emissions, and cost of ethanol are observed to be dependent on the processing plant location and scenarios. The net energy consumption, emissions, and cost vary from 12.9 MJ/L to 13.4 MJ/L, 0.79 $/L to 0.84 $/L, and 0.45 kg-CO2e/L to 1.32 kg-CO2e/L, respectively, which are reliant on the scenarios. Eastern Ontario has emerged as the best option. This study reveals that Miscanthus is a potential feedstock for the ethanol industries in Ontario, even if it is cultivated on marginal land. This study also highlights the contribution of energy crops (Miscanthus) to avoid the potential technical and economic constraints of lignocellulosic biomass for the renewable energy industry. Miscanthus may help avoid competition with food crops for prime land (higher quality land that is suitable for food crops), avoid the food versus fuel debate, help meet the ethanol demand, and achieve the GHG emissions abatement target of Canada. View Full-Text
Keywords: Miscanthus; ethanol; plant location; Ontario; greenhouse gas (GHG) emission; production cost Miscanthus; ethanol; plant location; Ontario; greenhouse gas (GHG) emission; production cost
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Roy, P.; Dutta, A.; Deen, B. An Approach to Identify the Suitable Plant Location for Miscanthus-Based Ethanol Industry: A Case Study in Ontario, Canada. Energies 2015, 8, 9266-9281.

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