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Energies 2015, 8(8), 8716-8735; doi:10.3390/en8088716

Communication Network Architectures for Smart-House with Renewable Energy Resources

1
Wind Energy Grid-Adaptive Technology Research Center, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Wind Energy Grid-Adaptive Technology Research Center, and Smart Grid Research Center, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea
3
Department of Computer Engineering, Wind Energy Grid-Adaptive Technology Research Center, and Smart Grid Research Center, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Enrico Sciubba
Received: 16 June 2015 / Revised: 20 July 2015 / Accepted: 10 August 2015 / Published: 17 August 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1636 KB, uploaded 17 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

With the microgrid revolution, each house will have the ability to meet its own energy needs locally from renewable energy sources such as solar or wind. However, real-time data gathering, energy management and control of renewable energy systems will depend mainly on the performance of the communications infrastructure. This paper describes the design of a communication network architecture using both wired and wireless technologies for monitoring and controlling distributed energy systems involving small-scale wind turbines and photovoltaic systems. The proposed communication architecture consists of three layers: device layer, network layer, and application layer. Two scenarios are considered: a smart-house and a smart-building. Various types of sensor nodes and measurement devices are defined to monitor the condition of the renewable energy systems based on the international electrotechnical commission standard. The OPNET Modeler is used for performance evaluation in terms of end-to-end (ETE) delay. The network performance is compared in view of ETE delay, reliability and implementation cost for three different technologies: Ethernet-based, WiFi-based, and ZigBee-based. View Full-Text
Keywords: microgrid; smart-house; smart-building; small-scale wind turbine; photovoltaic; communication network; Ethernet; WiFi; ZigBee microgrid; smart-house; smart-building; small-scale wind turbine; photovoltaic; communication network; Ethernet; WiFi; ZigBee
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmed, M.A.; Kang, Y.C.; Kim, Y.-C. Communication Network Architectures for Smart-House with Renewable Energy Resources. Energies 2015, 8, 8716-8735.

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