Measurement of the Relative Free Radical Content of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin
AbstractOil/paper insulation degradation in transformers involves chemical and physical changes in the materials. Some of the chemical reactions involve very reactive intermediates called free radicals. Free radicals play a major role in a wide variety of ageing processes. The detection of these reactive species in oil may, in principle, provide useful information for monitoring oil degradation. This manuscript details a laboratory technique, which determines the relative content of free radicals in insulating oils of petroleum origin by a spectrophotometric method. Free radicals may be formed in oils under operating or test conditions. The procedure enables the determination of the relative concentration of free radicals, which can act as the precursors of decay products such as charge carriers, oxidized molecules, as well as polymerization products. The technique involves using a reactive free radical reagent, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), added to oil to assess free radical concentration. This method is applicable to new, reclaimed, or used oils as well as naturally or artificially oxidized oil (the cause of aging can be chemical, physical, or electrical). In this contribution, free radicals were assessed following electrical discharge application in oil. View Full-Text
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Fofana, I.; Sabau, J.; Betie, A. Measurement of the Relative Free Radical Content of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin. Energies 2015, 8, 7690-7702.
Fofana I, Sabau J, Betie A. Measurement of the Relative Free Radical Content of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin. Energies. 2015; 8(8):7690-7702.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fofana, Issouf; Sabau, John; Betie, Amidou. 2015. "Measurement of the Relative Free Radical Content of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin." Energies 8, no. 8: 7690-7702.