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Energies 2015, 8(7), 6995-7019; doi:10.3390/en8076995

Transformation toward a Secure and Precaution-Oriented Energy System with the Guiding Concept of Resilience—Implementation of Low-Exergy Solutions in Northwestern Germany

Department of Technology Design and Development, University of Bremen, Enrique-Schmidt-Str. 7, 28359 Bremen, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefan Gößling-Reisemann
Received: 1 June 2015 / Revised: 1 July 2015 / Accepted: 3 July 2015 / Published: 10 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilience of Energy Systems)
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Abstract

Climate changes, incidents like nuclear disasters, and associated political objectives call for significant changes to the current energy system. Despite these far-reaching transformation processes, within the intended changes security of supply and precautions against the possible consequences of climate change must be ensured. Consequently, the question arises how to direct energy systems. In this context the processes of guiding orientations with the help of the guiding concept of “resilient systems” and feasible and addressee-oriented guiding design principles can be an option to provide guidance in transformation processes. However, it is questionable whether and how such processes are effective in the long term and if they are able to give direction by doing so. Within the framework of empirical studies of a regional guiding orientation process for the energy system of Northwestern Germany, the long-term effectiveness of the process and its spread resilient guiding design principles of “low-exergy solutions” and “climate-adapted and energy-efficient refrigeration” has been confirmed. Such effectiveness requires the implementation of a four-phase guiding orientation process which takes content-related and process-related effectiveness factors into account. Therefore, the study shows how regional energy systems can be designed toward the major challenges of ensuring security and precaution. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate adaptation; sustainability; efficiency; circular economy; cooling; climate change; refrigeration; renewable energies climate adaptation; sustainability; efficiency; circular economy; cooling; climate change; refrigeration; renewable energies
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Brand, U.; von Gleich, A. Transformation toward a Secure and Precaution-Oriented Energy System with the Guiding Concept of Resilience—Implementation of Low-Exergy Solutions in Northwestern Germany. Energies 2015, 8, 6995-7019.

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