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Energies 2015, 8(7), 6806-6819; doi:10.3390/en8076806

An Electric Bus with a Battery Exchange System

1,†
,
2,†
and
3,†,*
1
Graduate School of Automotive Engineering, Kookmin University, 77 Jeongneung-Ro, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-702, Korea
2
Department of Automotive and Transportation Design, Kookmin University, 77 Jeongneung-Ro, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-702, Korea
3
Department of Automotive Engineering, Kookmin University, 77 Jeongneung-Ro, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-702, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joeri Van Mierlo
Received: 7 May 2015 / Revised: 13 June 2015 / Accepted: 30 June 2015 / Published: 7 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles and Hybrid Vehicles)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3190 KB, uploaded 7 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

As part of the ongoing effort to be independent of petroleum resources and to be free from pollutant emission issues, various electric vehicles have been developed and tested through their integration with real world systems. In the current paper, yet another application specific EV for public transportation, an electric bus, is introduced and explained with results from the pilot test program which was carried out under real traffic conditions. The main feature of the current system is a battery exchanging mechanism mounted on the roof of the bus. The current configuration certainly requires an externally fabricated battery exchanging robot system that would complement the electric bus for a fully automated battery exchanging process. The major advantage of the current system is the quick re-charging of the electric energy through the physical battery exchange and the possible utilization of the battery exchange station as a mini scale energy storage system for grid system peak power shaving. With the total system solution approach for the public transportation system, it is fully expected to create outstanding business opportunities in number of areas such as battery suppliers, battery exchanging station management, battery leasing and many more. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric bus; public transportation; battery exchange; energy storage system electric bus; public transportation; battery exchange; energy storage system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kim, J.; Song, I.; Choi, W. An Electric Bus with a Battery Exchange System. Energies 2015, 8, 6806-6819.

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