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Energies 2015, 8(6), 5613-5660; doi:10.3390/en8065613

Towards a Carbon-Neutral Energy Sector: Opportunities and Challenges of Coordinated Bioenergy Supply Chains-A PSE Approach

Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Av. Diagonal 647, PG-2, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Current Address: European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport, P.O. Box 2, 1755 ZG Petten, The Netherlands
Current Address: Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, University at Buffalo, Amherst, NY 14260, USA;
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Dovì
Received: 13 March 2015 / Revised: 17 May 2015 / Accepted: 22 May 2015 / Published: 12 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Policy and Climate Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1889 KB, uploaded 12 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

The electricity generation sector needs to reduce its environmental impact and dependence on fossil fuel, mainly from coal. Biomass is one of the most promising future options to produce electricity, given its potential contribution to climate change mitigation. Even though biomass is an old source of energy, it is not yet a well-established commodity. The use of biomass in large centralised systems requires the establishment of delivery channels to provide the desired feedstock with the necessary attributes, at the right time and place. In terms of time to deployment and cost of the solution, co-combustion/co-gasification of biomass and coal are presented as transition and short-medium term alternatives towards a carbon-neutral energy sector. Hence, there is a need to assess an effective introduction of co-combustion/co-gasification projects in the current electricity production share. The purpose of this work is to review recent steps in Process Systems Engineering towards bringing into reality individualised and ad-hoc solutions, by building a common but adjustable design platform to tailored approaches of biomass-based supply chains. Current solutions and the latest developments are presented and future needs under study are also identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; sustainability; neutral carbon society; environmental impact; social impact; co-combustion; co-gasification; biomass pre-treatment; supply chain biomass; sustainability; neutral carbon society; environmental impact; social impact; co-combustion; co-gasification; biomass pre-treatment; supply chain
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Puigjaner, L.; Pérez-Fortes, M.; Laínez-Aguirre, J.M. Towards a Carbon-Neutral Energy Sector: Opportunities and Challenges of Coordinated Bioenergy Supply Chains-A PSE Approach. Energies 2015, 8, 5613-5660.

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