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Energies 2015, 8(5), 3720-3738; doi:10.3390/en8053720

Utilization of Electric Vehicles and Their Used Batteries for Peak-Load Shifting

Solutions Research Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Josep M. Guerrero
Received: 23 February 2015 / Revised: 21 April 2015 / Accepted: 24 April 2015 / Published: 30 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microgrids)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1038 KB, uploaded 30 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

The utilization of electric vehicles (EV) and their used batteries in supporting small-scale energy management systems were studied. Both theoretical study and practical demonstration were performed to measure the feasibility of the developed system. Each five EVs and used EV batteries were used along with 20 kW photovoltaic (PV) panels as a renewable energy source. The main objective of the developed system is performing a peak-load shifting by utilizing EVs, used EV batteries and PV panels. The planning of load leveling was performed 24 h ahead for each 30 min period. The studies showed that the application of EVs and used EV batteries in supporting certain small-scale energy management systems is feasible. In addition, some findings during the demonstration test were listed and analyzed for the purpose of further system development and deployment. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle; energy management system; peak-shift; peak-cut; vehicle information system electric vehicle; energy management system; peak-shift; peak-cut; vehicle information system
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Aziz, M.; Oda, T.; Mitani, T.; Watanabe, Y.; Kashiwagi, T. Utilization of Electric Vehicles and Their Used Batteries for Peak-Load Shifting. Energies 2015, 8, 3720-3738.

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