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Energies 2015, 8(3), 2048-2065; doi:10.3390/en8032048

Integration of a Water Scrubbing Technique and Two-Stage Pressurized Anaerobic Digestion in One Process

1
State Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Bioenergy, University Hohenheim, Garbenstraße 9, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany
2
DVGW–Research Center at the Engler-Bunte-Institut, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engler-Bunte-Ring 1, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
3
Engler-Bunte-Institut, Division Chemical Energy Carriers and Fuel Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engler-Bunte-Ring 1, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas E. Amidon
Received: 23 December 2014 / Revised: 13 February 2015 / Accepted: 15 February 2015 / Published: 13 March 2015
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Abstract

Two-stage pressurized anaerobic digestion is a promising technology. This technology integrates in one process biogas production with upgrading and pressure boosting for grid injection. To investigate whether the efficiency of this novel system could be further increased, a water scrubbing system was integrated into the methanogensis step. Therefore, six leach-bed reactors were used for hydrolysis/acidification and a 30-L pressurized anaerobic filter operated at 9 bar was adopted for acetogenesis/methanogenesis. The fermentation liquid of the pressurized anaerobic filter was circulated periodically via a flash tank, operating at atmospheric pressure. Due to the pressure drop, part of dissolved carbon dioxide was released from the liquid phase into the flash tank. The depressurized fermentation liquid was then recycled to the pressurized reactor. Three different flow rates (0 L·day−1, 20 L·day−1 and 40 L·day−1) were tested with three repetitions. As the daily recycled flashed liquid flow was increased from 0 to 40 L, six times as much as the daily feeding, the methane content in the biogas increased from 75 molar percent (mol%) to 87 mol%. The pH value of the substrate in the methane reactor rose simultaneously from 6.5 to 6.7. The experimental data were verified by calculation. View Full-Text
Keywords: anaerobic digestion; pressurized fermentation; methane enrichment; biogas upgrading; biomethane anaerobic digestion; pressurized fermentation; methane enrichment; biogas upgrading; biomethane
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lemmer, A.; Chen, Y.; Wonneberger, A.-M.; Graf, F.; Reimert, R. Integration of a Water Scrubbing Technique and Two-Stage Pressurized Anaerobic Digestion in One Process. Energies 2015, 8, 2048-2065.

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