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Energies 2015, 8(11), 13062-13080; doi:10.3390/en81112357

Biohydrogen Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass: Technology and Sustainability

1
Government of India, Ministry of Science and Technology, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Technology Bhawan, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi 110016, India
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
3
Separation and Conversion Technologies, Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Mol 2400, Belgium
4
School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar 382030, Gujarat, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tariq Al-Shemmeri
Received: 16 June 2015 / Revised: 4 November 2015 / Accepted: 10 November 2015 / Published: 17 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Biomass for Energy Technology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [978 KB, uploaded 17 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

Among the various renewable energy sources, biohydrogen is gaining a lot of traction as it has very high efficiency of conversion to usable power with less pollutant generation. The various technologies available for the production of biohydrogen from lignocellulosic biomass such as direct biophotolysis, indirect biophotolysis, photo, and dark fermentations have some drawbacks (e.g., low yield and slower production rate, etc.), which limits their practical application. Among these, metabolic engineering is presently the most promising for the production of biohydrogen as it overcomes most of the limitations in other technologies. Microbial electrolysis is another recent technology that is progressing very rapidly. However, it is the dark fermentation approach, followed by photo fermentation, which seem closer to commercialization. Biohydrogen production from lignocellulosic biomass is particularly suitable for relatively small and decentralized systems and it can be considered as an important sustainable and renewable energy source. The comprehensive life cycle assessment (LCA) of biohydrogen production from lignocellulosic biomass and its comparison with other biofuels can be a tool for policy decisions. In this paper, we discuss the various possible approaches for producing biohydrogen from lignocellulosic biomass which is an globally available abundant resource. The main technological challenges are discussed in detail, followed by potential solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: biohydrogen; biofuels; lignocellulosic biomass; technology; sustainability; life cycle assessment biohydrogen; biofuels; lignocellulosic biomass; technology; sustainability; life cycle assessment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Singh, A.; Sevda, S.; Abu Reesh, I.M.; Vanbroekhoven, K.; Rathore, D.; Pant, D. Biohydrogen Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass: Technology and Sustainability. Energies 2015, 8, 13062-13080.

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