Next Article in Journal
Open-Phase Fault Tolerance Techniques of Five-Phase Dual-Rotor Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
Next Article in Special Issue
Comparing World Economic and Net Energy Metrics, Part 1: Single Technology and Commodity Perspective
Previous Article in Journal
Sanitation and Analysis of Operation Data in Energy Systems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Are Shocks to Wood Fuel Production Permanent? Evidence from the EU
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2015, 8(11), 12795-12809; doi:10.3390/en81112343

Economic Evaluation on Bio-Synthetic Natural Gas Production Integrated in a Thermomechanical Pulp Mill

FSCN—Fibre Science and Communication Network, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall SE-85170, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Lundmark
Received: 13 August 2015 / Revised: 30 October 2015 / Accepted: 2 November 2015 / Published: 12 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economics of Bioenergy 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2582 KB, uploaded 12 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

In this study, biorefinery as a concept is applied to thermomechanical pulp (TMP)-based paper production to evaluate the possibility of co-production of synthetic natural gas (SNG), electricity and district heating in addition to mechanical pulp and paper. The combined heat and power plant (CHP) associated to TMP is replaced by a biomass-to-SNG (BtSNG) plant. Implementing BtSNG in a mechanical pulp production line might improve the profitability of a TMP mill and also help to commercialize the BtSNG technology by taking into account of some key issues such as biomass availability, heat utilization, etc. A TMP + BtSNG mathematical model is developed with ASPEN Plus. The model prediction shows that the scale of the TMP + BtSNG mill and SNG price are two strong factors for the implementation of BtSNG in a TMP mill. A BtSNG plant associated to a TMP mill should be built at a scale above 100 MW of biomass thermal input. For the case of Swedish economic condition, commercialization of SNG production as a transport biofuel has not matured yet. Political instruments to support commercialization of transport biofuel are necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; gasification; synthetic natural gas (SNG); thermomechanical pulp (TMP); electricity biomass; gasification; synthetic natural gas (SNG); thermomechanical pulp (TMP); electricity
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, W.; He, J.; Engstrand, P.; Björkqvist , O. Economic Evaluation on Bio-Synthetic Natural Gas Production Integrated in a Thermomechanical Pulp Mill. Energies 2015, 8, 12795-12809.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top