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Energies 2015, 8(10), 11883-11915;

State of the Art Authentication, Access Control, and Secure Integration in Smart Grid

1,2,* and 1,2,*
Department of Computer Science, State University of New York (SUNY) Korea, 119 Songdo, Moonhwa-ro, Yeonsu-Gu, Incheon 406840, Korea
Department of Computer Science, Stony Brook University, New York, NY 11794, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Neville Watson
Received: 16 July 2015 / Revised: 10 October 2015 / Accepted: 12 October 2015 / Published: 21 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Smart Grid)
Full-Text   |   PDF [306 KB, uploaded 23 October 2015]   |  


The smart grid (SG) is a promising platform for providing more reliable, efficient, and cost effective electricity to the consumers in a secure manner. Numerous initiatives across the globe are taken by both industry and academia in order to compile various security issues in the smart grid network. Unfortunately, there is no impactful survey paper available in the literature on authentications in the smart grid network. Therefore, this paper addresses the required objectives of an authentication protocol in the smart grid network along with the focus on mutual authentication, access control, and secure integration among different SG components. We review the existing authentication protocols, and analyze mutual authentication, privacy, trust, integrity, and confidentiality of communicating information in the smart grid network. We review authentications between the communicated entities in the smart grid, such as smart appliance, smart meter, energy provider, control center (CC), and home/building/neighborhood area network gateways (GW). We also review the existing authentication schemes for the vehicle-to-grid (V2G) communication network along with various available secure integration and access control schemes. We also discuss the importance of the mutual authentication among SG entities while providing confidentiality and privacy preservation, seamless integration, and required access control with lower overhead, cost, and delay. This paper will help to provide a better understanding of current authentication, authorization, and secure integration issues in the smart grid network and directions to create interest among researchers to further explore these promising areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid (SG); authentication; authorization; vehicle-to-grid (V2G); privacy smart grid (SG); authentication; authorization; vehicle-to-grid (V2G); privacy

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Saxena, N.; Choi, B.J. State of the Art Authentication, Access Control, and Secure Integration in Smart Grid. Energies 2015, 8, 11883-11915.

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