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Energies 2015, 8(10), 11470-11492; doi:10.3390/en81011470

Recent Advances in Ocean Nuclear Power Plants

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34141, Korea
2
Department of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34141, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hiroshi Sekimoto
Received: 30 August 2015 / Revised: 28 September 2015 / Accepted: 1 October 2015 / Published: 14 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Future of Nuclear Power)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5284 KB, uploaded 14 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

In this paper, recent advances in Ocean Nuclear Power Plants (ONPPs) are reviewed, including their general arrangement, design parameters, and safety features. The development of ONPP concepts have continued due to initiatives taking place in France, Russia, South Korea, and the United States. Russia’s first floating nuclear power stations utilizing the PWR technology (KLT-40S) and the spar-type offshore floating nuclear power plant designed by a research group in United States are considered herein. The APR1400 and SMART mounted Gravity Based Structure (GBS)-type ONPPs proposed by a research group in South Korea are also considered. In addition, a submerged-type ONPP designed by DCNS of France is taken into account. Last, issues and challenges related to ONPPs are discussed and summarized. View Full-Text
Keywords: ocean nuclear power plants; floating; gravity based structure (GBS); submerged; safety features; ocean environments; small modular reactor (SMR) ocean nuclear power plants; floating; gravity based structure (GBS); submerged; safety features; ocean environments; small modular reactor (SMR)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lee, K.-H.; Kim, M.-G.; Lee, J.I.; Lee, P.-S. Recent Advances in Ocean Nuclear Power Plants. Energies 2015, 8, 11470-11492.

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