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Energies 2015, 8(1), 172-216; doi:10.3390/en8010172

A Numerical and Graphical Review of Energy Storage Technologies

Institute for Energy Systems (IES), School of Engineering, University of Edinburgh, Faraday Building, King's Buildings, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JL, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Izumi Taniguchi
Received: 18 November 2014 / Accepted: 12 December 2014 / Published: 29 December 2014
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Abstract

More effective energy production requires a greater penetration of storage technologies. This paper takes a looks at and compares the landscape of energy storage devices. Solutions across four categories of storage, namely: mechanical, chemical, electromagnetic and thermal storage are compared on the basis of energy/power density, specific energy/power, efficiency, lifespan, cycle life, self-discharge rates, capital energy/power costs, scale, application, technical maturity as well as environmental impact. It’s noted that virtually every storage technology is seeing improvements. This paper provides an overview of some of the problems with existing storage systems and identifies some key technologies that hold promise. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy; power; storage; density; specific; efficiency; lifespan; discharge; cost; scale energy; power; storage; density; specific; efficiency; lifespan; discharge; cost; scale
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sabihuddin, S.; Kiprakis, A.E.; Mueller, M. A Numerical and Graphical Review of Energy Storage Technologies. Energies 2015, 8, 172-216.

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