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Energies 2014, 7(8), 4835-4857; doi:10.3390/en7084835

A Layered Fault Tree Model for Reliability Evaluation of Smart Grids

School of Information System and Management, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
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Received: 20 March 2014 / Revised: 31 May 2014 / Accepted: 15 July 2014 / Published: 29 July 2014
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Abstract

The smart grid concept has emerged as a result of the requirement for renewable energy resources and application of new techniques. It is proposed as a practical future form of power distribution system. Evaluating the reliability of smart grids is of great importance and significance. Focusing on the perspective of the consumers, this paper proposes a layered fault tree model to distinguish and separate two different smart grid power supply modes. Revised importance measures for the components in the fault tree are presented considering load priority, aiming to find the weak parts of the system and to improve the design and using. A corresponding hierarchical Monte Carlo simulation procedure for reliability evaluation is proposed based on the layered fault tree model. The method proposed in this paper is tested on a case of reliability assessment for the Future Renewable Electric Energy Delivery and Management (FREEDM) system. The proposed technique can be applicable to other forms of smart grids. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid; reliability evaluation; layered fault tree; hierarchical simulation smart grid; reliability evaluation; layered fault tree; hierarchical simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, G.; Chen, H.; Guo, B. A Layered Fault Tree Model for Reliability Evaluation of Smart Grids. Energies 2014, 7, 4835-4857.

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