Next Article in Journal
Extended Distributed State Estimation: A Detection Method against Tolerable False Data Injection Attacks in Smart Grids
Previous Article in Journal
A Magnetless Axial-Flux Machine for Range-Extended Electric Vehicles
Energies 2014, 7(3), 1500-1516; doi:10.3390/en7031500
Article

A Proposal for Typical Artificial Light Sources for the Characterization of Indoor Photovoltaic Applications

*  and
Received: 16 January 2014; in revised form: 26 February 2014 / Accepted: 6 March 2014 / Published: 12 March 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [836 KB, uploaded 12 March 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: There are currently no international norms which define a method for characterizing photovoltaic solar cells for indoor applications. The current standard test conditions are not relevant indoors. By performing efficiency simulations based on the quantum efficiency of typical solar cells and the light spectra of typical artificial light sources, we are able to propose the first step for developing a standard by determining which light sources are relevant for indoor PV characterization and which are not or are redundant. Our simulations lead us to conclude that indoor light sources can be divided into three different categories. For the characterization of photovoltaic solar cells in indoor environments, we propose that solar cells be measured under one light source from each group.
Keywords: photovoltaic energy; solar cells; indoor applications; international standard; light sources photovoltaic energy; solar cells; indoor applications; international standard; light sources
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Minnaert, B.; Veelaert, P. A Proposal for Typical Artificial Light Sources for the Characterization of Indoor Photovoltaic Applications. Energies 2014, 7, 1500-1516.

AMA Style

Minnaert B, Veelaert P. A Proposal for Typical Artificial Light Sources for the Characterization of Indoor Photovoltaic Applications. Energies. 2014; 7(3):1500-1516.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Minnaert, Ben; Veelaert, Peter. 2014. "A Proposal for Typical Artificial Light Sources for the Characterization of Indoor Photovoltaic Applications." Energies 7, no. 3: 1500-1516.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert