Energies 2014, 7(3), 1207-1229; doi:10.3390/en7031207
Article

Planning Minimum Interurban Fast Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles: Methodology and Application to Spain

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Received: 25 December 2013; in revised form: 2 February 2014 / Accepted: 8 February 2014 / Published: 27 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hybrid Vehicles)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The goal of the research is to assess the minimum requirement of fast charging infrastructure to allow country-wide interurban electric vehicle (EV) mobility. Charging times comparable to fueling times in conventional internal combustion vehicles are nowadays feasible, given the current availability of fast charging technologies. The main contribution of this paper is the analysis of the planning method and the investment requirements for the necessary infrastructure, including the definition of the Maximum Distance between Fast Charge (MDFC) and the Basic Highway Charging Infrastructure (BHCI) concepts. According to the calculations, distance between stations will be region-dependent, influenced primarily by weather conditions. The study considers that the initial investment should be sufficient to promote the EV adoption, proposing an initial state-financed public infrastructure and, once the adoption rate for EVs increases, additional infrastructure will be likely developed through private investment. The Spanish network of state highways is used as a case study to demonstrate the methodology and calculate the investment required. Further, the results are discussed and quantitatively compared to other incentives and policies supporting EV technology adoption in the light-vehicle sector.
Keywords: electric vehicle (EV); charging infrastructure; fast charging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Colmenar-Santos, A.; de Palacio, C.; Borge-Diez, D.; Monzón-Alejandro, O. Planning Minimum Interurban Fast Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles: Methodology and Application to Spain. Energies 2014, 7, 1207-1229.

AMA Style

Colmenar-Santos A, de Palacio C, Borge-Diez D, Monzón-Alejandro O. Planning Minimum Interurban Fast Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles: Methodology and Application to Spain. Energies. 2014; 7(3):1207-1229.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Colmenar-Santos, Antonio; de Palacio, Carlos; Borge-Diez, David; Monzón-Alejandro, Oscar. 2014. "Planning Minimum Interurban Fast Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles: Methodology and Application to Spain." Energies 7, no. 3: 1207-1229.


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