Energies 2014, 7(1), 334-350; doi:10.3390/en7010334
Article

Emission Characteristics of a CI Engine Running with a Range of Biodiesel Feedstocks

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Received: 4 November 2013; in revised form: 7 January 2014 / Accepted: 8 January 2014 / Published: 16 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass and Biofuels 2013)
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Abstract: Currently, alternative fuels are being investigated in detail for application in compression ignition (CI) engines resulting in exciting potential opportunities to increase energy security and reduce gas emissions. Biodiesel is one of the alternative fuels which is renewable and environmentally friendly and can be used in diesel engines with little or no modifications. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of biodiesel types and biodiesel fraction on the emission characteristics of a CI engine. The experimental work was carried out on a four-cylinder, four-stroke, direct injection (DI) and turbocharged diesel engine by using biodiesel made from waste oil, rapeseed oil, corn oil and comparing them to normal diesel. The fuels used in the analyses are B10, B20, B50, B100 and neat diesel. The engine was operated over a range of engine speeds. Based on the measured parameters, detailed analyses were carried out on major regulated emissions such as NOx, CO, CO2, and THC. It has been seen that the biodiesel types (sources) do not result in any significant differences in emissions. The results also clearly indicate that the engine running with biodiesel and blends have higher NOx emission by up to 20%. However, the emissions of the CI engine running on neat biodiesel (B100) were reduced by up to 15%, 40% and 30% for CO, CO2 and THC emissions respectively, as compared to diesel fuel at various operating conditions.
Keywords: compression engine; biodiesel blend; nitrogen oxides; carbon dioxide; carbon monoxide; total hydrocarbon
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tesfa, B.; Gu, F.; Mishra, R.; Ball, A. Emission Characteristics of a CI Engine Running with a Range of Biodiesel Feedstocks. Energies 2014, 7, 334-350.

AMA Style

Tesfa B, Gu F, Mishra R, Ball A. Emission Characteristics of a CI Engine Running with a Range of Biodiesel Feedstocks. Energies. 2014; 7(1):334-350.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tesfa, Belachew; Gu, Fengshou; Mishra, Rakesh; Ball, Andrew. 2014. "Emission Characteristics of a CI Engine Running with a Range of Biodiesel Feedstocks." Energies 7, no. 1: 334-350.


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