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Effects of Biodiesel Blend on Marine Fuel Characteristics for Marine Vessels
Department of Marine Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202, Taiwan
Received: 12 July 2013; in revised form: 12 September 2013 / Accepted: 16 September 2013 / Published: 24 September 2013
Abstract: Biodiesel produced from vegetable oils, animal fats and algae oil is a renewable, environmentally friendly and clean alternative fuel that reduces pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions in marine applications. This study investigates the influence of biodiesel blend on the characteristics of residual and distillate marine fuels. Adequate correlation equations are applied to calculate the fuel properties of the blended marine fuels with biodiesel. Residual marine fuel RMA has inferior fuel characteristics compared with distillate marine fuel DMA and biodiesel. The flash point of marine fuel RMA could be increased by 20% if blended with 20 vol% biodiesel. The sulfur content of residual marine fuel could meet the requirement of the 2008 MARPOL Annex VI Amendment by blending it with 23.0 vol% biodiesel. In addition, the kinematic viscosity of residual marine fuel could be reduced by 12.9% and the carbon residue by 23.6% if 20 vol% and 25 vol% biodiesel are used, respectively. Residual marine fuel blended with 20 vol% biodiesel decreases its lower heating value by 1.9%. Moreover, the fuel properties of residual marine fuel are found to improve more significantly with biodiesel blending than those of distillate marine fuel.
Keywords: biodiesel; fuel blending; environmental impact; emission reduction
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MDPI and ACS Style
Lin, C.-Y. Effects of Biodiesel Blend on Marine Fuel Characteristics for Marine Vessels. Energies 2013, 6, 4945-4955.
Lin C-Y. Effects of Biodiesel Blend on Marine Fuel Characteristics for Marine Vessels. Energies. 2013; 6(9):4945-4955.
Lin, Cherng-Yuan. 2013. "Effects of Biodiesel Blend on Marine Fuel Characteristics for Marine Vessels." Energies 6, no. 9: 4945-4955.