Next Article in Journal
Intelligent Control of Battery Energy Storage for Multi-Agent Based Microgrid Energy Management
Next Article in Special Issue
Microbial Community Response to Seasonal Temperature Variation in a Small-Scale Anaerobic Digester
Previous Article in Journal
Design and Implementation of a High Quality Power Supply Scheme for Distributed Generation in a Micro-Grid
Previous Article in Special Issue
Microbial Conversion of Waste Glycerol from Biodiesel Production into Value-Added Products
Energies 2013, 6(9), 4945-4955; doi:10.3390/en6094945
Article

Effects of Biodiesel Blend on Marine Fuel Characteristics for Marine Vessels

Received: 12 July 2013; in revised form: 12 September 2013 / Accepted: 16 September 2013 / Published: 24 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass and Biofuels 2013)
Download PDF [263 KB, uploaded 24 September 2013]
Abstract: Biodiesel produced from vegetable oils, animal fats and algae oil is a renewable, environmentally friendly and clean alternative fuel that reduces pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions in marine applications. This study investigates the influence of biodiesel blend on the characteristics of residual and distillate marine fuels. Adequate correlation equations are applied to calculate the fuel properties of the blended marine fuels with biodiesel. Residual marine fuel RMA has inferior fuel characteristics compared with distillate marine fuel DMA and biodiesel. The flash point of marine fuel RMA could be increased by 20% if blended with 20 vol% biodiesel. The sulfur content of residual marine fuel could meet the requirement of the 2008 MARPOL Annex VI Amendment by blending it with 23.0 vol% biodiesel. In addition, the kinematic viscosity of residual marine fuel could be reduced by 12.9% and the carbon residue by 23.6% if 20 vol% and 25 vol% biodiesel are used, respectively. Residual marine fuel blended with 20 vol% biodiesel decreases its lower heating value by 1.9%. Moreover, the fuel properties of residual marine fuel are found to improve more significantly with biodiesel blending than those of distillate marine fuel.
Keywords: biodiesel; fuel blending; environmental impact; emission reduction biodiesel; fuel blending; environmental impact; emission reduction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, C.-Y. Effects of Biodiesel Blend on Marine Fuel Characteristics for Marine Vessels. Energies 2013, 6, 4945-4955.

AMA Style

Lin C-Y. Effects of Biodiesel Blend on Marine Fuel Characteristics for Marine Vessels. Energies. 2013; 6(9):4945-4955.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Cherng-Yuan. 2013. "Effects of Biodiesel Blend on Marine Fuel Characteristics for Marine Vessels." Energies 6, no. 9: 4945-4955.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert