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Method for Cost-Benefit Analysis of Improved Indoor Climate Conditions and Reduced Energy Consumption in Office Buildings
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentu g. 48, Kaunas LT-51367, Lithuania
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Received: 23 May 2013; in revised form: 22 August 2013 / Accepted: 22 August 2013 / Published: 3 September 2013
Abstract: Indoor climate affects health and productivity of the occupants in office buildings, yet in many buildings of this type indoor climate conditions are not well-controlled due to insufficient heating or cooling capacity, high swings of external or internal heat loads, improper control or operation of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment, etc. However, maintenance of good indoor environmental conditions in buildings requires increased investments and possible higher energy consumption. This paper focuses on the relation between investment costs for retrofitting HVAC equipment as well as decreased energy use and improved performance of occupants in office buildings. The cost-benefit analysis implementation algorithm is presented in this paper, including energy survey of the building, estimation of occupants dissatisfied by key indoor climate indicators using questionnaire survey and measurements. Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) analysis is used in the proposed method for data processing. A case study of an office building is presented in order to introduce an application example of the proposed method. Results of the study verify the applicability of the proposed algorithm and TOPSIS analysis as a practical tool for office building surveys in order to maximize productivity by means of cost efficient technical building retrofitting solutions.
Keywords: indoor climate; productivity; energy consumption; office buildings; cost-benefit analysis
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Valancius, R.; Jurelionis, A.; Dorosevas, V. Method for Cost-Benefit Analysis of Improved Indoor Climate Conditions and Reduced Energy Consumption in Office Buildings. Energies 2013, 6, 4591-4606.
Valancius R, Jurelionis A, Dorosevas V. Method for Cost-Benefit Analysis of Improved Indoor Climate Conditions and Reduced Energy Consumption in Office Buildings. Energies. 2013; 6(9):4591-4606.
Valancius, Rokas; Jurelionis, Andrius; Dorosevas, Viktoras. 2013. "Method for Cost-Benefit Analysis of Improved Indoor Climate Conditions and Reduced Energy Consumption in Office Buildings." Energies 6, no. 9: 4591-4606.