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Energies 2013, 6(8), 3922-3936; doi:10.3390/en6083922

Numerical Investigation of the Thermal Management Performance of MEPCM Modules for PV Applications

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, University Road, Tainan City 701, Taiwan
2
Department of Civil Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, University Road, Tainan City 701, Taiwan
3
Green Energy and Environment Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 310, Taiwan
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 May 2013 / Revised: 12 July 2013 / Accepted: 26 July 2013 / Published: 6 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Efficient Building Design 2013)
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Abstract

The efficiency of photovoltaic modules decreases as the cell temperature increases. It is necessary to have an adequate thermal management mechanism for a photovoltaic module, especially when combined with a building construction system. This study aims to investigate via computational fluid dynamics simulations the heat transfer characteristics and thermal management performance of microencapsulated phase change material modules for photovoltaic applications under temporal variations of daily solar irradiation. The results show that the aspect ratio of the microencapsulated phase change material layer has significant effects on the heat transfer characteristics and the overall thermal performance of the two cases examined with different melting points (26 °C and 34 °C) are approximately the same. View Full-Text
Keywords: microencapsulated phase change material (MEPCM); thermal performance; photovoltaic (PV); computational fluid dynamics (CFD) microencapsulated phase change material (MEPCM); thermal performance; photovoltaic (PV); computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tanuwijava, A.O.; Ho, C.J.; Lai, C.-M.; Huang, C.-Y. Numerical Investigation of the Thermal Management Performance of MEPCM Modules for PV Applications. Energies 2013, 6, 3922-3936.

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