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Integration of Photovoltaics in Buildings—Support Policies Addressing Technical and Formal Aspects
Department of Architecture, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea
Received: 5 March 2013; in revised form: 9 June 2013 / Accepted: 11 June 2013 / Published: 18 June 2013
Abstract: The integration of photovoltaic (PV) generators in the envelope of a building by means of building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) offers an immense potential, both in market development and the production of renewable electric energy that is close to the point of electricity consumption. In Germany, for example, by integrating photovoltaics in buildings up to 50% of the electricity demand can be covered. The political support of BIPV would contribute to the development and installation of BIPV components and therefore also promote the development of new business areas for industries dealing with components used in building envelopes and photovoltaic generators. BIPV can be separated into three different integration types: “technical”, “formal” and “technical & formal”. Political instruments for the support of PV-installations, particularly BIPV are discussed in this paper using Germany and France as examples. Due to successful financial support policies, PV became the most powerful electricity production technology in Germany. In France, the unique financial support of BIPV is resulting in an exemplary development and growth of certified BIPV components available on the market and, from a technical, aesthetic architectural and legal certainty point of view, facilitating the easy and widespread integration of photovoltaic generators in buildings.
Keywords: photovoltaic; building integration; BIPV; architectural design; building industry; financial support policy; France; Germany
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MDPI and ACS Style
Schuetze, T. Integration of Photovoltaics in Buildings—Support Policies Addressing Technical and Formal Aspects. Energies 2013, 6, 2982-3001.
Schuetze T. Integration of Photovoltaics in Buildings—Support Policies Addressing Technical and Formal Aspects. Energies. 2013; 6(6):2982-3001.
Schuetze, Thorsten. 2013. "Integration of Photovoltaics in Buildings—Support Policies Addressing Technical and Formal Aspects." Energies 6, no. 6: 2982-3001.