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Mitigation Techniques to Reduce the Impact of Wind Turbines on Radar Services
Department of Communications Engineering, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Alda. Urquijo s/n, Bilbao 48013, Spain
PA Consulting, Cambridge Technology Centre, Melbourn, Royston, Hertfordshire, SG8 6DP, UK
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Folkborgsvägen 17, Norrköping 601 76, Sweden
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 April 2013; in revised form: 29 May 2013 / Accepted: 30 May 2013 / Published: 14 June 2013
Abstract: Radar services are occasionally affected by wind farms. This paper presents a comprehensive description of the effects that a wind farm may cause on the different radar services, and it compiles a review of the recent research results regarding the mitigation techniques to minimize this impact. Mitigation techniques to be applied at the wind farm and on the radar systems are described. The development of thorough impact studies before the wind farm is installed is presented as the best way to analyze in advance the potential for interference, and subsequently identify the possible solutions to allow the coexistence of wind farms and radar services.
Keywords: mitigation technique; impact study; weather radar; air traffic control radar; stealth technologies; data processing; adaptive clutter filters; adaptive scanning; gap filler radar
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MDPI and ACS Style
de la Vega, D.; Matthews, J.C.G.; Norin, L.; Angulo, I. Mitigation Techniques to Reduce the Impact of Wind Turbines on Radar Services. Energies 2013, 6, 2859-2873.
de la Vega D, Matthews JCG, Norin L, Angulo I. Mitigation Techniques to Reduce the Impact of Wind Turbines on Radar Services. Energies. 2013; 6(6):2859-2873.
de la Vega, David; Matthews, James C.G.; Norin, Lars; Angulo, Itziar. 2013. "Mitigation Techniques to Reduce the Impact of Wind Turbines on Radar Services." Energies 6, no. 6: 2859-2873.