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Energies 2013, 6(5), 2583-2604; doi:10.3390/en6052583

Online Semiparametric Identification of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using the Wavelet-Based Partially Linear Battery Model

School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
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Received: 20 February 2013 / Revised: 20 April 2013 / Accepted: 13 May 2013 / Published: 21 May 2013
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Abstract

Battery model identification is very important for reliable battery management as well as for battery system design process. The common problem in identifying battery models is how to determine the most appropriate mathematical model structure and parameterized coefficients based on the measured terminal voltage and current. This paper proposes a novel semiparametric approach using the wavelet-based partially linear battery model (PLBM) and a recursive penalized wavelet estimator for online battery model identification. Three main contributions are presented. First, the semiparametric PLBM is proposed to simulate the battery dynamics. Compared with conventional electrical models of a battery, the proposed PLBM is equipped with a semiparametric partially linear structure, which includes a parametric part (involving the linear equivalent circuit parameters) and a nonparametric part [involving the open-circuit voltage (OCV)]. Thus, even with little prior knowledge about the OCV, the PLBM can be identified using a semiparametric identification framework. Second, we model the nonparametric part of the PLBM using the truncated wavelet multiresolution analysis (MRA) expansion, which leads to a parsimonious model structure that is highly desirable for model identification; using this model, the PLBM could be represented in a linear-in-parameter manner. Finally, to exploit the sparsity of the wavelet MRA representation and allow for online implementation, a penalized wavelet estimator that uses a modified online cyclic coordinate descent algorithm is proposed to identify the PLBM in a recursive fashion. The simulation and experimental results demonstrate that the proposed PLBM with the corresponding identification algorithm can accurately simulate the dynamic behavior of a lithium-ion battery in the Federal Urban Driving Schedule tests.
Keywords: lithium-ion battery; partially linear model; online identification; wavelet multiresolution analysis (MRA); electric vehicle (EV) lithium-ion battery; partially linear model; online identification; wavelet multiresolution analysis (MRA); electric vehicle (EV)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Mu, D.; Jiang, J.; Zhang, C. Online Semiparametric Identification of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using the Wavelet-Based Partially Linear Battery Model. Energies 2013, 6, 2583-2604.

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