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Energies 2013, 6(3), 1497-1526; doi:10.3390/en6031497
Review

2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines

1
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Received: 30 November 2012; in revised form: 13 February 2013 / Accepted: 26 February 2013 / Published: 6 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy from the Ocean - Wave and Tidal Energy)
Download PDF [243 KB, uploaded 6 March 2013]
Abstract: Research in marine current energy, including tidal and ocean currents, has undergone significant growth in the past decade. The horizontal-axis marine current turbine is one of the machines used to harness marine current energy, which appears to be the most technologically and economically viable one at this stage. A number of large-scale marine current turbines rated at more than 1 MW have been deployed around the World. Parallel to the development of industry, academic research on horizontal-axis marine current turbines has also shown positive growth. This paper reviews previous research on horizontal-axis marine current turbines and provides a concise overview for future researchers who might be interested in horizontal-axis marine current turbines. The review covers several main aspects, such as: energy assessment, turbine design, wakes, generators, novel modifications and environmental impact. Future trends for research on horizontal-axis marine current turbines are also discussed.
Keywords: marine renewable energy; horizontal-axis marine current turbine; marine current energy assessment; marine current turbine wake; generator marine renewable energy; horizontal-axis marine current turbine; marine current energy assessment; marine current turbine wake; generator
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ng, K.-W.; Lam, W.-H.; Ng, K.-C. 2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines. Energies 2013, 6, 1497-1526.

AMA Style

Ng K-W, Lam W-H, Ng K-C. 2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines. Energies. 2013; 6(3):1497-1526.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ng, Kai-Wern; Lam, Wei-Haur; Ng, Khai-Ching. 2013. "2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines." Energies 6, no. 3: 1497-1526.


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