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2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
Center for Advanced Computational Engineering (CACE), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Km. 7, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2012; in revised form: 13 February 2013 / Accepted: 26 February 2013 / Published: 6 March 2013
Abstract: Research in marine current energy, including tidal and ocean currents, has undergone significant growth in the past decade. The horizontal-axis marine current turbine is one of the machines used to harness marine current energy, which appears to be the most technologically and economically viable one at this stage. A number of large-scale marine current turbines rated at more than 1 MW have been deployed around the World. Parallel to the development of industry, academic research on horizontal-axis marine current turbines has also shown positive growth. This paper reviews previous research on horizontal-axis marine current turbines and provides a concise overview for future researchers who might be interested in horizontal-axis marine current turbines. The review covers several main aspects, such as: energy assessment, turbine design, wakes, generators, novel modifications and environmental impact. Future trends for research on horizontal-axis marine current turbines are also discussed.
Keywords: marine renewable energy; horizontal-axis marine current turbine; marine current energy assessment; marine current turbine wake; generator
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MDPI and ACS Style
Ng, K.-W.; Lam, W.-H.; Ng, K.-C. 2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines. Energies 2013, 6, 1497-1526.
Ng K-W, Lam W-H, Ng K-C. 2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines. Energies. 2013; 6(3):1497-1526.
Ng, Kai-Wern; Lam, Wei-Haur; Ng, Khai-Ching. 2013. "2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines." Energies 6, no. 3: 1497-1526.