Energies 2013, 6(3), 1497-1526; doi:10.3390/en6031497
Review

2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines

1 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia 2 Center for Advanced Computational Engineering (CACE), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Km. 7, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2012; in revised form: 13 February 2013 / Accepted: 26 February 2013 / Published: 6 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy from the Ocean - Wave and Tidal Energy)
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Abstract: Research in marine current energy, including tidal and ocean currents, has undergone significant growth in the past decade. The horizontal-axis marine current turbine is one of the machines used to harness marine current energy, which appears to be the most technologically and economically viable one at this stage. A number of large-scale marine current turbines rated at more than 1 MW have been deployed around the World. Parallel to the development of industry, academic research on horizontal-axis marine current turbines has also shown positive growth. This paper reviews previous research on horizontal-axis marine current turbines and provides a concise overview for future researchers who might be interested in horizontal-axis marine current turbines. The review covers several main aspects, such as: energy assessment, turbine design, wakes, generators, novel modifications and environmental impact. Future trends for research on horizontal-axis marine current turbines are also discussed.
Keywords: marine renewable energy; horizontal-axis marine current turbine; marine current energy assessment; marine current turbine wake; generator

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ng, K.-W.; Lam, W.-H.; Ng, K.-C. 2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines. Energies 2013, 6, 1497-1526.

AMA Style

Ng K-W, Lam W-H, Ng K-C. 2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines. Energies. 2013; 6(3):1497-1526.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ng, Kai-Wern; Lam, Wei-Haur; Ng, Khai-Ching. 2013. "2002–2012: 10 Years of Research Progress in Horizontal-Axis Marine Current Turbines." Energies 6, no. 3: 1497-1526.

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